Becoming a skilled medical assistant begins with the right education. From anatomy and physiology to the fundamentals of medical diagnostic and laboratory techniques, medical assisting demands professionals with a wide breadth of general knowledge and skill related to healthcare. A comprehensive medical assistant program is designed to prepare students to do everything from take vital functions and administer injections to schedule appointments and bill insurance companies.
Medical assistant education programs may be accredited by a number of accrediting bodies, although the two most widely recognized are the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) and the Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools (ABHES), both of which accredit hundreds of medical assistant programs throughout the United States.
Accreditation ensures that the curriculum of the medical assistant program prepares students to meet entry-level competencies and prepares graduates to take national certification examinations. An accredited program must also include an externship, which provides practical, hands-on experience in a healthcare facility, physician’s office, or other setting.
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Medical Assistant Classes and Coursework
Core courses in a medical assistant education program cover such topics that range from medical office management and medical coding to ethics and healthcare privacy law compliance. Workplace safety and communication skills are also often covered in a comprehensive medical assistant program.
Regardless of the courses found within an educational program, the primary goal is always the same: to prepare students to become competent, entry-level medical assistants through cognitive, psychomotor, and affective learning domains. This is accomplished through a curriculum based on both patient care skills and administrative/clerical skills.
Further, coursework in a medical assistant program is often designed to prepare students to sit for a number of national certification examinations, such as:
- Certified Clinical Medical Assistant – CCMA (NHA)
- Certified Medical Assistant – CMA (AAMA)
- Certified Phlebotomy – CPT (NHA)
- Registered Medical Assistant – RMA (AMT)
Medical assistant classes and coursework allow students to become familiar with a number of key areas, including:
- Medical office administration
- Medical law and ethics
- Medical terminology
- Clinical procedures (e.g., EKG, venipuncture, specimen collection, etc.)
Major courses may include the following:
- Anatomy and physiology
- Assisting with minor surgeries
- Computer applications
- Medical coding
- Medical assistant capstone course (case study work that assesses critical thinking skills and teamwork skills)
- Medical assistant externship (hands-on experience in a supervised healthcare environment)
The Structure and Length of Medical Assistant Programs
Diploma and certificate medical assistant programs typically last between 10 months and 1 year. Although certificate and diploma programs vary in length, most diploma programs are a bit longer. The main advantage of completing a diploma program over a certificate program in medical assisting is that coursework within a diploma program can generally be transferred should the student choose to pursue a medical assistant associate’s degree. Individuals interested in entering the profession quickly, however, may choose a certificate program, as it provides the shortest route to working as a medical assistant.
The longest and most comprehensive medical assistant education program is the associate’s degree, which may be designed as an Associate in Science or an Associate of Applied Science degree. An associate’s degree, which may be offered through a junior college or university, usually consists of 60 semester credits, including a practicum.
Some medical assistant degree programs are designed specifically for medical assistants who have previously completed a medical assistant diploma program.
Unlike shorter diploma or certificate programs, associate degree programs give students more exposure to laboratory experiences, biology courses, and the legal aspects of healthcare. Students in an associate’s degree program also often complete coursework in management and human resources. As such, the completion of a medical assistant degree program may provide additional professional and career opportunities.
Students with aspirations of exploring more advanced degrees down the road may also choose to complete an associate’s degree program as a way to be able to transfer coursework and accelerate the process of working toward a bachelor’s degree in the medical field.
Looking Ahead: Advanced Degrees for Medical Assistants
Although medical assistant programs beyond the associate degree level are few and far between, medical assistants with aspirations of more advanced degrees in the allied healthcare industry often seek bachelor’s degree programs in areas such as health sciences and health services administration, both of which prepare medical assistants to take on supervisory or senior positions in a healthcare setting. Career options may include health information managers, physician office managers, and health maintenance organization administrators, just to name a few.
Medical assistants with a penchant for the administrative aspect of their jobs may find bachelor’s degrees in medical office administration or health information management to be an ideal pursuit.
Many bachelor’s degree programs in health sciences or health services administration are designed specifically for allied health professionals who already possess associate’s degrees (often called bridge programs). As such, medical assistants may transfer to a bachelor’s degree program at the third-year level. Typical courses in a transfer bachelor’s degree program in health sciences may include:
- Healthy lifestyles
- Human diseases
- Applied ethics in healthcare
- Principles of epidemiology
- Organization and administration of health services
A bachelor’s degree program in health services administration is designed to focus on a number of aspects of medical management, such as finances, ethics, and laws. Typical coursework in this type of bachelor’s degree program includes:
- Health law and regulations
- Planning and evaluation of health services
- Healthcare administration
- Ethics for health professionals
- Health system finance
Master’s degree programs are also quite commonplace in the healthcare services field, many of which are designed as business administration, healthcare management, and project management programs. Further, many medical assistants choose to make the transition to nursing, as the knowledge and skills gained in medical assisting may make the process of earning an R.N. easier.